Location of Badami Caves :
caves lies in the state of Karnataka in India. It is located near the red
sandstone ridge in the northern part of the city. The best time to visit
these caves lies between the month of October to February.
These caves were built during the regime of the Chalukya Empire around the
6th century. They were discovered by the Pulekeshin I, the great Chalukya
ruler. Along with these cave temples you may find here number of monuments
belonging to the ancient times. These caves presents the perfect blend of
the architectural design of the north India Nagara style and the south India
Nagara. Description of caves of Badami : There are total of four Badami
caves. Out of which three are the Brahminical caves and one is the Jain
cave. Cave I is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Cave II and III to Lord Vishnu and
cave IV to the Jain saints.
Cave I :
It is the oldest of the four caves of Badami. It was carved in 578 AD made
of red sandstone. A flight of steps leads to the hall of pillars, behind
which is the square shaped sanctum. The cave is beautifully designed with
the painting and carved work that leaves the tourists spell binded. Apart
from the walls the ceilings provides the ultimate example of the finest art
work of that period. Another main attraction of the ceilings are the
Nataraja panel and the carved panels. The ceiling also has the collection of
paintings of Shiva and Parvati.
Cave II :
In this cave you will find Lord Vishnu in different forms and shapes. In
one of the images Lord Vishnu is shown as Trivikrama. The artists try to
portrays Vishnu with one foot conquering the earth and the other covering
the sky. There is one more very beautiful image of Vishnu which displays him
as Varaha, the boar incarnation of Vishnu. But the most striking feature of
the cave is the form Lord Vishnu, riding the Garuda and the lotus is
encircled by the sixteen fishes.
Cave III :
This is the most interesting cave among the four caves of Badami. The cave
contains the wonderful sculptures and paintings of the Lord Shiva and Lord
Vishnu. This beautiful large cave is approximately 70 feet wide. You may
find here the images of Trivikrama, Shankaranarayana, Bhuvaraha,
Anantasayana, Harihara. It is only cave which contains inscriptions dating
back from 578 AD.
Cave IV :
It is the only Jain cave among the other four Badami caves. The cave was
completed around 100 years later when the other three caves were completed.
The main attractions of the cave include image of Lord Mahavira, image of
Lord Parsvanath (with the serpent in his feet), images of Padmavathi and
Excursion from Badami Caves :
There are many sightseeing places around the Badami caves. You can make a
visit to the famous historic village of Pattadakal, which lies at the
distance of 20 km from Badami. The village has many picturesque temples
dating back to the 6th and 7th century AD. Than You can also make a visit to
the Mahakuta temple a and Naganath temple, 10 kms from Badami.