Kumily, Kerala, in the southern part of
Major Attractions :
Elephants, Tiger, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Langur.
Area Covered :
Ideal Time to Visit the Park :
From the months of October and June.
Nearest Attractions :
Alleppey, Cradomom Hills, Kumily, Boat
Some Major Accesses :
Kumily (4 km), Madurai (140 km), Cochin or
Kochi (200 km), Kottayam (114 km), Ernakulam.
Things to Know
Where is the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
The Periyar National Park
and Tiger Reserve is situated high in the ranges
of the Western Ghats, in south Indian state of Kerala - known as the God's
Own Country. Periyar wildlife sanctuary
in Kerala has a scenic lake at the
heart of the sanctuary. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this
reservoir runs around the contours of the wooded hills, providing water to
the local wildlife through out the year. Though Periyar Kerala is a Tiger
Reserve, tourists visit this place to view the Indian elephants in the act
of sprinkling water and playfulness by the Periyar lake.
Important Date in Periyar's History
The Periyar National Park
was slated under the Project Tiger in the year
The Ecological System in the Periyar National Park
The physiology of the Periyar National Park mainly comprises of the western
ghat hills in various shapes and sizes. These thickly wooded hills are
dominated by water bodies, vast grasslands and even thicker forest areas.
The densely forested valleys are abound in wild vegetation and animal life.
Other than the river Periyar, the park and main lake located in the centre
of the park are watered by two other rivers, the Azhutha and the Mullayar.
The Flora in the Periyar National Park
Some of the deeper valleys contain tropical evergreen forest with extremely
thick tree cover that even bright sunlight finds hard to penetrate. These
trees that have grown to amazing heights of up to 130-140 feet seems to
having being there forever. The few level areas in the park contains marshy
grasslands near the edges of the lake and other water bodies. Spread out
across the park are also patches of semi-evergreen forest used as important
cover by many of the animal species
The Fauna in the Periyar National Park
Apart from Elephants, the other animals to be seen in the Periyar sanctuary
Kerala are Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Dole or Indian
Wild Dog and very rarely, a Tiger. There are, now, an estimated 40 tigers in
the Periyar national Park
. Four species of primates are found at Periyar -
the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur,
Gee's Golden Langur
Common Langur And Bonnet
. Periyar also happens to be the habitat of the elusive Nilgiri
Tahr, which is rarely to be seen.
The Avifauna in the Periyar Wildlife Santuary
The birdlife comprises of Darters, Cormorants,
, the great
Malabar Hornbill and racket-tailed Drongoes.
The Reptiles in the Periyar Wildlife Santuary
The reptilian population boasts of Monitor Lizards that can be seen basking
in the sun, on the rocks along the lakeshore. Visitors who trek into the
Periyar national park
often see a Python and sometimes even a King Cobra.
Trips in the Periyar Wildlife Santuary
Boat cruises make the best option to check out the wilds of Periyar
Sanctuary, as the Periyar lake presents an excellent boating spot for
tourists today. Although it is uneasy to see many animals from the boats,
still you come across a family of Elephants, Wild Boar, and Sambar Deer by
the water's edge.
Periyar National Park Travel Circuit
Cochin - Munnar - Periyar - Kumarakonam - Alleppey - Kovalam - Trivandrum
Bangalore - Nagarhole - BR Hills - Bandipur - Ooty - Munnar - Eravikulam -
Periyar - Kumarakom - Kochi
How to Reach Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Kochi (Cochin) at 200 km or Madurai in Tamil Nadu
at 140 km are the nearest airports from Periyar.
Kottayam at 114 km is the nearest railhead from
Kumily, the nearest town from Periyar is well
served by both state and private buses from Kottayam, Ernakulam and Madurai
in Tamil Nadu.