Bharatpur, Rajasthan, in the northwestern
part of India.
Major Attractions :
Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Boar, Migratory Birds
Area Covered :
Ideal Time to Visit the Park :
Between the months of August-November
for resident breeding birds and October- February for migrant birds.
Nearest Attractions :
Bharatpur Govenment Museum, Bharatpur Palace,
Lohagarh Fort, Deeg Palace (32 km).
Some Major Accesses :
Bharatpur is well connected by road from Agra
(56 km), Delhi (176 km) and Jaipur (176 km), all of which have airport
Where is the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
One of the finest bird sanctuaries in the world, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
is a reserve that offers protection to faunal species as well. The Bharatpur
Bird Sanctuary, also know as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a distance
of 2 km form the Bhartapur town in Rajasthan India.
The recent name Keoladeo, given to the Bharatpur Sanctuary is the name
derived from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at
the centre of the park. The famous Bharatput Wildlife sanctuary is also
known as the Ghana Wildlife Santuary. 'Ghana' means dense, referring to the
thick forest, which used to cover the area.
Bharatpur - the Man Made World
Keoladeo Wildlife Sanctuary, popularly known as Bharatpur Wildlife
Sanctuary, is perhaps the only wildlife preserve, where the wildlife habitat
has been created by a man - the Maharaja of Bharatpur. In earlier times,
Bharatpur town used to be flooded regularly every monsoon. In year 1760, an
earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was built, to save the town, from this yearly vagary
of the nature. The cavity created by removal of soil for the dam was cleared
and the Bharatpur Lake was formed.
At the commencement of this century, the lake was developed, and was
divided into several sections. A system of small dams, dykes, sluice gates,
etc., was created to control water level in different parts. This became the
hunting preserve of the Bharatpur royalty, and one of the best duck -
shooting wetlands in the world.
Important Dates in the Bharatpur's History
Hunting was prohibited by mid-60s. The area was declared a national park on
10 March 1982, and accepted as a World Heritage Site in December 1985.
The Ecological System in the
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The Flora in the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The Bharatpur Bird Santuary has a dense forest cover, which shelters a
diverse flora. The vast flora is responsible in providing natural habitat to
these migratory birds and also haven of free natural perpetuation. The
diverse plant species found here are a real exception to the region.
Avifauna in the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
More than 300 species of birds are found in this small wildlife park of 29
sq-km of which 11 sq-km are marshes and the rest is scrubland and grassland.
The major attractions of tourists visiting the park are the numerous
migratory birds, who come from places as far away as Siberia and Central
Asia and spend their winters in Bharatpur, before returning to their
breeding grounds. Migratory birds at Bharatpur bird sanctuary include,
several species of Sarus Cranes
Pelicans, Geese, Grey Heron
Ducks, Eagles, Brown
long eared bat
, Hawks, Shanks, Stints,
Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, etc.
The Fauna in the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is also inhabited by Sambar, Chital, Nilgai
Birding Trips in the Bharatpur Bird
Walking & cycling along the raised embankments offer an opportunity to
get close to the rich bird life. A cycle rickshaw is another way of
exploring the sanctuary. There are well-defined forest paths, which can
easily be reached by foot or on a cycle or you can also hire a rickshaw that
are available on hire. Rickshaw pullers have been trained by the park
management in bird watching and are quite knowledgeable. Boats are also
available on hire. A early morning boat trip or a late evening one is quite
an enthralling experience to find out the hidden treasures of Bharatpur.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary Travel
Delhi - Bharatpur - National Chambal
Delhi - Jaipur - Ranthambore - Bharatpur - Agra - Khajuraho - Bandhavgarh -
Kanha - Nagpur
How to Reach Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The nearest airport is situated at Agra, which is
56-kms from Bharatpur.
Regular rail services connect Bharatpur with all
the major cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Agra. The
Bharatpur railway station is 6 km from the park.
An excellent network of roadway services links
Bharatpur to all the major cities of the Rajasthan and its neighbouring
states like Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana.