Location of Borra caves :
Borra caves are situated at the distance of 90- 95 km from the city of
Visakhapatnam. They are located at the height of 1450 feet above the sea
level. They are spread in the Ananthagiri hill ranges of eastern ghats,
which ranges between 800 to 1300 meters M.S.L. In Andhra Pradesh. November
and December are considered as the best time to visit these caves.
Cave Formation :
Borra caves are the natural caves, that are said to have originated from
the Gosthani river, which flows through these caves. The caves were created
due to the flow of river over the limestone area. The pressure was exerted
by the humic acid in the water on the mineral deposits and the limestone
dissolved in the water. The dissolved limestone trickled down drop by drop
forming the different shapes in the cave. These Borra caves spreaded over
the one square km and are formed over the period of million of years.
Interior of the cave :
The opening of the cave measures upto 100 m horizontally and 75 m
vertically. The cave is filled with stalagmite and stalactite formations.
Visitors have given different names to the different shapes of these
stalagmite and stalactite formations such as Shiv Parvathi, Mother child,
Human brain, crocodile, Rushis Beard etc. Some more interesting structures
inside the cave include mushroom formation, temple, church and many more.
You may find here crystal white calcium stones in various forms. The Borra
caves glitters and illuminates by the sixty three lamps of mercury, sodium
vapour and halogen.
History of the Borra Caves :
The caves of Borra are said to be more than 150 years old. These wonder
caves were discovered by the British geologist William King Gorge in the
year 1807. The local tribals inhabitating in this area have a different
story to tell. They say once a cowherd lost his cow while grazing. He soon
realized that his cow had fallen down. He got worried, on looking down he
found 60 feet deep hole, where he saw his cow was alive and feeding on the
grass deep below. This was the time when the tribal has discovered the cave.
Religious Significance of the Borra caves :
These million year old Borra caves holds the great religious importance
among the Hindus in India. Among the formations found in the cave, you may
also find here 'Shivalingam' and the idol of the cow known as Kamadhenu.
Entry Fee :
The entry fee for the adults visiting the cave is Rs 25 and for the
children is Rs 15. If you are interested in photography you may take the
cameras along with yourself that may cost you Rs 10 and for the video
cameras they will charge you Rs 100. The cave remains open to the tourists
from 10 am to 5: 30 pm.
Sightseeing around the Borra Caves :
You can take a leisure walk around the Borra caves in the landscape of
rugged and mountainous area. The area holds the rich flora and fauna. You
can witness the limestone area where the cave is found is surrounded by the
several mica mines. Trip to the Borra caves gives you the opportunity to
enchant with the tribal people
inhabitating in this
area. On the excursion trip from the Borra caves tourists can make a visit
to the Araku valley, which lies at the distance of 15 kms from the cave.