What does Ecosystem stand for?
Ecological system or ecosystem is an open space built by physical and
biological components of an environment. Ecosystem is result of an active
interaction between living and non-living components. Ecosystem is where
community of plants, animals and their environment function as a whole, and
relationship between organism and environment thrives blissfully.
Ecosystem and its types
Ecosystems differ in their size and types. Earth itself is an immense
ecosystem. Likewise there can be an ecosystem in a sea, forest, river and
even in a small pond, as ecosystem is where organism and environment meets
together. Categorised by their nature, there are mainly four types of
located in water area, aquatic ecosystem can be
of two types: marine ecosystem and freshwater ecosystem. Marine ecosystem
contains 97% of all water of the earth, while freshwater ecosystem has more
than 40% of all species of fishes. Some very important functions which
Aquatic ecosystem disposes are purifying water, sheltering wild animals and
recharging ground water.
Arctic Tundra has the coldest ecosystem on the earth.
The treeless plain, Arctic Tundra are desert like plains and dotted with
ponds. Located far in the north of Alaska, Greenland, Russia, Canada and
Europe, Arctic Tundra is inhabited by mammals like, Arctic foxes, Arctic
hares, Polar bears, Musk oxen and porcupine; birds like Snowy owls, Falcons,
Snow geese, Snow buntings, Tundra swans and Gulls and fishes like cod and
Located between between the Arctic Tundra in the
north and steppes and hardwood forests in the south, Boreal forests are
vegetation zone surrounding northern hemisphere. Conifers like pine, larch,
spruce and fir dominate the whole region inhabited by faunal species like
bears, foxes, raccoons, owls, eagles, wolves and lynxes.
urban ecosystem consists of people along with
living and non-living things, and the space constructed by them. In an urban
system, ecological factors like plants, soil, animals, etc are affected by
human. Likewise human decisions are affected by various ecological factors,
for example where parks, schools and buildings have to be made.
Ecological imbalance: imperiling the whole Ecosystem
With the increased industrialisation and scientific approach to our life,
the natural resources and rich natural heritage which were being preserved
for centuries have begun dwindling greatly. Any kind of imbalance in nature
results into severe danger to our ecosystem.
Its treatment with nature has posed today many serious challenges and
problems like climate change, vector-borne disease, decay in wildlife and
its resources and food and water shortage. Exploitation of natural resources
prevalent all over the world has erupted into severe ecological degradation,
which is definitely the biggest threat to proper functioning of our
Need to restore and conserve the ecosystem
Restoring the ecosystem by establishing the finer balance between organism
and environment is the best way that being a responsible human we can do.
Until and unless, the steps to preserve the decaying charm of our ecosystem
are not initiated, our ecosystem is not going to support us having a better
and healthy environment.
There is stark need today to assist nature by not disturbing its integrity,
and help it gaining its lost delicacy. By protecting our native natural
resources like wildlife, rivers, forests, etc, one can contribute greatly in
preservation of our ecosystem. The radical changes have to be born in our
thoughts to save and accumulate the natural resources the very root
of our life.