of the terms related to Eco-tourism are
It is a nature tourism that involves a degree of risk taking (Honey, 2002).
Best Management Practices
The Rainforest Alliance helps define and promote the use of best management
practices that are a series of principles and concrete recommendations that
can be implemented by different land-use sectors. These practices are based
on the outcomes of impact assessments, scientific research, pilot testing
projects, adaptation to local realities and multistakeholder discussions.
These best management practices can be used as the basis for the development
of policies, codes of conduct and public awareness materials, and for the
implementation of technical assistance, training and certification
Best Practice is used to designate highest quality, excellence, or superior
practices by a tourism operator. The term is widely used in many award and
certification programs, as well as academic studies, to designate the best
in a particular class or a leader in the field. Best, however,
is a contextual term. There is no set standard of measurement, and the term
is often loosely or ill defined (Honey, 2002).
Certification is a voluntary procedure that assesses, monitors, and gives
written assurance that a business, product, process, service, or management
system conforms to specific requirements. It awards a marketable logo or
seal to those that meet or exceed baseline standards, i.e., those that at a
minimum comply with national and regional regulations and, typically,
fulfill other declared or negotiated standards prescribed by the program
Commercialization Chain is a map of the direct and indirect interactions
between consumers and local service providers including all intermediaries,
sources of information, and means of communication (Honey, 2002).
Cultural Tourism is travel for the purpose of learning about cultures or
aspects of cultures (Honey, 2002).
A constructed bridge walkway through the tree tops of a forest.
Income generating activities that focus on conserving natural resources and
A dynamic complex of plant, animal, fungal and microorganism communities
and their associated non-living environment interacting as an ecological
Responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the environment and
sustains the livelihood of local people. (TIES website, March 6, 2003).
Activities included in a tour that are designed to entertain clients and
are coordinated by a professional guide or interpreter. Over 80 activities
have been listed for ecotourism, such as birdwatching, hiking, diving,
kayaking, participating in cultural events, photography, and mountaineering.
A combination of resources, activities, and services, which are sold and
managed through professional tour operators.
Natural and cultural features that attract visitors, such as landscapes,
endemic or rare flora and fauna, cultural festivals, and historical
Tourism services such as transportation, food, lodging, guiding and
interpretation services which cause minimal damage to the biological and
cultural environments and promote a better understanding of the natural and
cultural history of an area.
The level of species that occur naturally only in a specific region or
Ecolabeling describes a scheme in which a product, company, service, or
destination may be awarded an ecological label on the basis of its acceptable
level of environmental impact. The acceptable level of environmental impact
may be determined by consideration of a single environmental hurdle or after
undertaking an assessment of its overall impacts. Ecolabeling sometimes
refers to the natural environment only; sometimes it takes into account
social and cultural environments as well. An ecoquality label marks the
state of the environmental quality, such as water quality for beaches or
quality of wildlife in national parks (Honey, 2002).
Ecotourism lite involves a business adapting sensible but
small, cosmetic, and often cost-saving practices that are typically marketed
as major innovations (Honey, 2002).
Tourism that sustains or enhances the geographical character of a
place--its environment, culture, aesthetics, heritage, and the well-being of
Greenwashing is a term used to describe businesses, services, or products
that promote themselves as environmentally friendly when they are not
Individuals who have a vested interest in development, including community
members; environmental, social, and community NGOs; natural resource,
planning, and government officials; hotel owners, tour operators, guides,
transportation providers, and representatives from other related services in
the private sector.
Development that meets the needs and aspirations of the current generation
without compromising the ability to meet those of future generations.
Sustainable Tourism is, according to the World Tourism Organization, envisaged
as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic,
social, and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural
integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity, and life
support systems (Honey, 2002).
Leakages are funds that do not reach the destination country. This occurs
primarily when the tourism operators through which packages are purchased do
not involved local businesses. In these cases, very few of the funds
generated by the tour operators stays within the community being visited
remaining instead in the home country of the tout operator.