Walk into the subtropical pine forests of the Himalayas,
a beautiful paradise lost in time. The Himalayas
sub tropical pine forests are confined to Nepal, Bhutan, states of Jammu and
Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh in northern India, and Pakistan
in the west. They are the largest one in the Indo pacific region. The sub
tropical pine forests are mainly classified into types Lower Siwalik
Chir Pine Forest and Upper (Himalayan) Chir pine forest. The variety of life
forms i.e. Flora and fauna that occur in the subtropical pine forests
presents the panorama of biological diversity along with its spectacular
beauty and wild richness. Due to its unique geographical location and
diverse topography its a paradise for the nature lovers.
The vegetation of the Himalayan subtropical pine forests consists of pure
pinus roxhurghii. Among the forests in the Himalayan region Shisham,
, Pine, fir, Juniper and
Rhododendron are mostly seen. As one goes up to the forests, one encounters
the several variety of medicinal herbs that are specially found in this
region. The pine forests in the Himalayas frequently receives the fire and
the burnt slopes supports the growth of rich grasses such as Arundinella
setosa, Imperata cylindrica, Themeda anathera, and Cymbopogon distans and a
number of shrubs such as species of Berberis, Rubus etc.
Interestingly, Nowhere as in the world you will find such a varied wildlife
as in the Himalayan sub tropical pine forests. It is one of the most
exciting areas as far as the floral and faunal assemblage is concerned.
There are many rare and endangered species that are found in this region
that included Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus), Clouded Leopard (Pardofelis
Golden Langur (Trachypithecus geei), Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Goral
(Nemorhaedus goral), Yellow throated marten (Martes flavigula) and
Patricoloured Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger). Due to the severe
winter the animals generally migrate to the lower region of the Himalayas.
Apart from that the region supports the rich species of birds and the most
important it also comprises of eleven endangered species of birds.
Tribal population :
The jungles are home to the sizable population of indigenous people who
continues to live in close association with nature and are still dependent
on forests produce and resources for their livelihood. These people are
still stick to their age old traditional, rituals , customs and values. Some
of the major tribes that are found in the subtropical pine forests of the
Himalayas includes Khasi
, Garo, Jaintia,
Lalung, Monpas and Rabha.
Serious threats to the subtropical pine forests :
Logging and cultivation in the Himalayan forests has push Rhinos, Tigers,
Leopards and many other animals to extinction. Large portion of the forests
in the region are being cut at the higher rate. Species of various plants
and animals would soon disappear if proper conservation steps are nor taken
immediately. Than the agricultural plots around the forests are serious
threats to the various natural habitats of the animals.