Forest belt between the Western Ghats and
the Nilgiri Mountains, in the extreme west of Tamil Nadu, Southern India.
Major Attractions :
Tigers, Sloth Bear, Spotted Deer and Leopards.
Area Coveredrea :
300 sq. km.
Ideal Time to Visit the Park :
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary can be
visited from April-June and September-December.
Nearest Attractions :
Ooty (64km) and Coimbatore (160km).
Some Major Accesses :
Things to Know
Where is the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary sets in South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Madhumalai means old hills ans interestingly sets amidst Bandipur and
Annamalai sanctuaries. At an elevation of 1000m, it sprawls over an area of
321 sq. km. This wildlife sanctuary lies between Kerala and Karnataka. A mix
of low hills, valleys and flat terrain sprinkled with a few swampy areas
forms the terrain here. With largest elephant population of about 600, this
is one of the famous wild life sanctuaries in Southern India.
Important Dates in Madumalai's History
In 1940, Mudumalai was established as a wildlife sanctuary as an extension
of Bandipur National Park. It was former erstwhile gaming reserve which was
a famous hunting ground for Britishers who stayed at Ooty. The sanctuary saw
an onslaught of gaurs during an epidemic that hit this area. There are few
hunting sites within the park and government keeps a strong vigil on the
activities taking place inside the Sanctuary.
Climate at Mudhumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Madurai experiences pleasant climate throughout the year. From October to
March, the mercury level is recorded 20 degree centigrade and are winter
months here. Summer months are from March to June when the temperature rises
upto 30 deg. Centigrade. From July to September is a pleasant time with
temperature being around 24 deg centigrade. Visiting Madhumalai during
summer months can be a good time to spot tigers as they come at water pools
within the sanctuary to fill their thirst.
The Ecological System in the
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
The Flora in the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Madhumalai experiences tropical moist decidous vegetation towards western
parts of the sanctuary. Dry-decidous and thorn scrub along the cast supports
blaclbuck population. The flora at this park includes: Bamboos, Natural
teak, Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia, Crenulata/Terminalia Tomontosa,
Grewia, and blooming trees like Indian Labumusum, Aredesia, Solanancea etc .
The Fauna in the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
There are two types of fauna found here: mammals and bird raptors. Among
the mammalian population, Asian Elelphants, Barking deer, Musk deer,
Gaur(Indian Bison), Sloth Bear, Giant Squirrel, Sanibar, Spotted Dear,
Chowsingha, Indian Pangolin
, Wild Dog, Rusty
Spotted Cat and Striped necked Mongoose are easily spotted animals. The bird
raptors include: Changeable Hawk Eagle, Black Eagle, Oriental Honey-buzzard,
Jerdon's Baza, Bonelli's Eagle, Crested Goshawk, Besra, Mottled Wood Owl,
Brown Hawk Owl.
The Avifauna in the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
You can spot diverse variety of birds at Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Grey
Junglefowl, Red Spurfowl, Grey Francolin, Emerald Dove, Green Imperial
Pigeon, Pompadour Green Pigeon, Grey-bellied Cuckoo,
Swift, Black-hooded Oriole, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Black-headed
Cuckooshrike, Painted Spurfowl, Painted Bush Quail, Whitebellied Woodpecker,
Lesser Yellownape, Greater Flameback, Streak-throated Woodpecker,
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Grey-headed Bulbul, Forest Wagtail,
Crimson-backed Sunbird, Loten's Sunbird forms the avi fauna population here.
The Safaris in the Mudumalai Wildlife
A safari tour to Mudhumalai Wildlife Sanctuary can be very interesting. The
guides here know their animals by heart. Each lion, each elephant and each
bison has its name assigned by these guides. Try insist your guide to have a
deeper look into the wildlife and he will take you to some of the unbeaten
paths in the sanctuary. You can sit on the elephant back and have an
enthralling trip around the park.
Mudumalai Wildlife Travel Circuit
Bangalore - Mysore - Ranganathittu - Nagarhole - Bandipur - Mudumalai -
Ooty - Cochin - Periyar - Varkala - Trivandrum
How to Reach Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Coimbatore is the nearest airport to access
Mudumalai via air route. Private coaches or cabs can be hired from the taxi
stand outside the airport to reach Madhumalai.
Mettupalayam is the nearest broad gauge rail
head, located 46km from Mudumalai.
Accessing Mudumalai via road is not very
difficult. Regular bus service from Bangalore, Mysore, Coimbatore, Calicut,
Kanyakumari, Tanjavur, Tirupati, Cochin, Kotagiri, Udhagamandalam, Coonoor
and Doddabeta is available which are destined to Madhumalai Wildlife