Origin of River Godavari :
The Godavari river rises near the Trimbak in the district of Nasik in the
Indian state of Maharashtra. The river is approximately 1,465 km long and
has a total catchment area of 31 mha. It flows in the eastward direction
through the states of Maharashtra and joins the Bay of Bengal in Andhra
Pradesh. The principal tributaries of the River Godavari are Penganga,
Pranahita, Sabari, Indravati, Manjeera and Manair. It is the second largest
river in India.
Apart from Ganga and Yamuna, Godavari also holds the special religious
importance in India. Godavari is one of the sacred river in India. According
to the puranas River Ganga should only be visited after the visit to the
Godavari. There are several pilgrimage places on the banks of the river.
Some of them include Trimbakeshwar the ancient temple of Lord Shiva,
Nanded Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, one of the sacred place among the Sikhs,
Bhadrachalam temple of Lord Rama and many more.
Godavari is sometimes also referred to as the 'Ganga of the South'. After
every twelve years, a major bathing festival called as Pushkaram is held on
the banks of the Godavari river. Some of the prominent personalities who
took bath in its holy water include Baladeva and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
River Godavari is under the serious threat as a result of the growing
Urbanization and industrialization. The river has been dying at an alarming
rate due to the pollution created by the factories. The main reason behind
the pollution of Godavari river is the tiny Nakavaggu rivulet, which joins
the Manjira, tributary of the Godavari. Nakavaggu rivulet supports no life
at all. Rivulet is surrounded by the highly productive agricultural land,
which is polluted by the large number of industries lying near the twin
cities of Secunderabad and Hyderabad. However the 72 industries in the
Patancheru Industrial area dumping the chemicals and waste into the water
are most responsible for the pollution of the river. It has also given rise
to some of the major diseases such as lung cancer, leukemia, and liver
cancer. The government of India has been continuously taking steps to save
the river water from further pollution.