Origin of the Krishna River :
Krishna river originates in the western ghats near
at an elevation of
about 1,300 meter, in the state of Maharashtra in central India. It is one
of the longest rivers in India. The Krishna river is around 1,290 km in
length. It flows through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra
Pradesh before merging in the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra
Pradesh. The principle tributaries of the Krishna River includes Koyna,
Bhima, Mallaprabha, Ghataprabha, Yerla, Warna, Dindi, Musi, Tungabhadra and
Dudhganga rivers. The river basin is approximately 200 meter deep. Krishna
river is the oldest river in India.
River Krishna is sacred among the Hindus in India. The river is named on
the name of the Lord Krishna. It is believed that by taking the ritual dip
in its water can purify all the past sins of the human beings. The river is
referred to as the Krishnaveni mata among the Hindus. There are many
pilgrimage centers on the banks of the River Krishna including Mallikarjuna
temple (Srisailam), Amareshwara Swamy temple (Amaravati), Dattadeva temple,
Sangameshwara Shiva temple, Ramling temple and Durga Malleshwara temple
(Vijyawada). The center of attraction is the Krishna Pushkaram fair which is
held one in twelve years on the banks of the Krishna river.
Flora and Fauna :
The wide spread area near to the Krishna river holds the rich flora and
fauna. The last surviving Mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary have been
declared as the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary is the home to the
large number of resident and migratory birds. Fishing cat, otter, Estuarine
crocodile, spotted deer, sambar, black
, snake, lizards and jackal can also be spotted in the sanctuary.
The sanctuary also supports rich vegetation with plants like Rhizophora,
Avicennia, and Aegiceros.
River Krishna is dying at an increasing rate. The river receives the waste
from the large number of cities including Hyderabad, Pune, Satara, Kolhapur,
Kurnool and many more. The sewages from the twin cities of Hyderabad and
Secunderabad flows into it. Large number of industrial units operates from
the river basin which are the main reason for the water pollution in the
Dams on the Krishna river :
Two dams have been constructed on the Krishna river, one at Srisailam
called Srisailam dam and other one at the Nagarjuna hill. There are many
waterfalls found along its tributaries namely Ethipothal a, Pedda Dukudu,
Gundam and Chaleswaram.