With the hike in the fuel prices and growing concern over
the environmental impact and global warming more and more people are
searching for the alternative use of the energy sources. The petrol/diesel
consumption vehicles are the major environmental polluters in the world
today. The most significant step to reduce this consumption is the purchase
of Hybrid vehicles, which uses the gas electric technology. Hybrid vehicles
are the one that combines the internal combustion gasoline engine with the
electric motor of an electric powered vehicle. Hybrid vehicles have
developed very rapidly in the last few years. The Hybrid cars are the next
big thing in the automotive world. Honda motors and Toyota motors are the
biggest manufactures of the hybrid vehicle in the market.
hybrid vehicles reduces pollution, saves oil and slash costs at the gas
pump. The concept of hybrid vehicles is as old as the concept of the
automobiles on earth. And since the invention of the automobiles, automobile
engineers have been devising various vehicles to save the fuel. The hybrid
vehicles aims at increasing the efficiency of the automobiles. In 1899 Dr
Ferdinand Porsche built the first Hybrid vehicle called Porsche. Today
number of hybrid vehicle models are available in the market.
There are many advantages that could be derived from the hybrid vehicles.
And the foremost among them is that the Hybrid vehicles helps in decreasing
the environmental pollution as they transmit less harmful gases into the
atmosphere. In another words Hybrid Vehicles produce one half the emissions
of the conventional vehicles. Hybrid vehicles consume less fuel as compare
to the non hybrid vehicles. They have the battery power electric motor that
take off the vehicle in speed.
Hybrid vehicles have greater operating efficiency as they use regenerative
braking, that helps in saving the energy, lost while stopping and slowing
down the vehicle. The energy generated from braking or decreasing the speed
of the vehicle is used to charge the batteries. These vehicles can run on
alternative fuels, therefore reducing our dependency on the fossil fuels.
Hybrid vehicles can be more efficiently operated than the conventional
vehicles. Engine of these vehicles can be sized to accommodate average
load,not peak load, which reduces the engines load. Another benefit of
driving the hybrid vehicle is that it saves energy by shutting the engine
immediately as soon as the car stops. If you want to save the planet earth
and want to make the environment pollution free than think about purchasing
the hybrid cars. Although the hybrid vehicles are bit expensive but think
about the long term benefits that you will gain.
Various parts of Hybrid vehicles :
Gas Engine :
The gas engine in the Hybrid vehicles is smaller but most efficient than
the regular vehicles. They have sufficient horsepower for the effective
driving performance and holds an added advantage that there is no need to
plug in the car to recharge the batteries. The batteries automatically get
charged by the generator connected to the gasoline engine.
The batteries in the hybrid car act as the energy storage device for the
electric motors. The electric motor draws as well as restores energy into
The transmission can be either manual or
electric that propel the vehicle to move forward.
Electric motor :
The electric motor is powered by the
batteries that recharge automatically while driving. The advance electronic
technology allows it to react both as the motor com generator. The motor
derives energy from the batteries to run the car and act as a generator and
recharge batteries when it slows down. The hybrid cars also owns the petrol
engine that is smaller is size as compared to the other engines which
transmits less pollution.
Hybrid vehicles are attractive, efficient and comfortable too. It has
advanced aerodynamics to reduce the drag. It is made up of lightweight
materials that increases the efficiency of the car.