Located on the Western
mountain ranges of the peninsular India to the south of the
Palakkad Gap, the Southwestern Ghats moist forests are among the most
ecologically richest regions of India. These moist forests are exceptionally
the treasure trove home to a magnificent array of flora and fauna,
tribal population, fascinating peaks and several valleys. Eco tour to these
forests provide you with an incredible experience of the unique bio
diversity and richness of the natural heritage preserved on these ghats. It
also comprises of the highest peak in the south Anai Mudi at 2695 meters
Wildlife of the eco forests :
The Southwestern Ghats moist forests are the home to one of the largest
biosphere reserves housing several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries
including Neyyar, Bandipur
Wyand, Mudumalai, Periyar, Peppara and Shendurney. Each of these national
parks provides you with the fascinating experience of the variety and
biodiversity of the Southwestern ghats moist forests. The forests provides
shelter to some of the most endangered species such as lion tailed macaques,
Nilgiri Langus, Clawless Otters, Nilgiri Tahr etc. Other animals found in
the jungle include Dhole, Striped Hyena,
elephants, Indian Muntjac, Wild Boar, Chital, Sambar Deer and many more.
Among the endemic species of birds found in the region include Malabar
Parakeet, Yellow throated Bulbul, Black and rufous flycather, Nilgiri
Flycather, Malabar trogon, Malabar grey horn bill, and crested Hawk eagle.
As the region receives the high rainfall more than 80 species of amphibians
can be spotted here.
Apart from that region consists of the rich vegetation areas. More 400
species of flowering plants are found in this area. Than 320 species of 320
species of pteridophytes, 200 species of bryophytes, 300 species of algae
600 species of fungi and 800 species of lichens are known from the
Southwestern Ghats moist forests.
Tribal population in the forests :
For hundred of years the region has been the home to various tribal people
of India. Kani, Kattunaickans, Thoda, Irula, Kotha, Muduvans, Puliyas,
Kurumba, and Badaga are some of the tribal groups found in this region. They
have their own tribal customs and tradition, which they have been following
for the generations. They are known to be modest and simple by nature.
Agriculture and other handicrafts work is what that has kept them alive for
so many years. They work as artisans, carpenters, smiths, basket makers,
barbers and washer man to earn their livelihood.
Severe Threats to the forests :
Buckling under the modern pressure deforestation and unregulated tourism
are the foremost threat to the Southwestern ghats moist forests. Even the
conserved areas such as the national parks and the wildlife sanctuaries are
facing tremendous pressures from the tribal communities residing inside the
forests. Than the growing agricultural lands, logging and hydro electricity
projects are continuously effecting the health of the forests.