Foothills of Shivalik Ranges in Himalayas
Major Attractions :
Elephants, deers, Laopards and Ghorals.
Area Covered :
820.42 sq km.
Ideal Time to Visit the Park :
From December to March. Beyond April,
it is extremely hot here.
Nearest Attractions :
Some Major Accesses :
Things To Know
Where is the Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park is situated along the hills and foothills of Shivalik
ranges in the Himalayan foothills and represents the Shivalik eco-system. On
the map it is located between Haridwar (Latitude 290 56' 40) and
Dehradun (Latitude 300 20' North) and 790 80' E Longitude
(Dehradun 780 01' 15 E (Ramgarh), Chillawali- 770 54' 30
The Climate in the Rajaji National Park
three main seasons in the Himalayan foothills are: winter, summer and
monsoons. The best time for a safari or a bird watching trip is during
winter (November to February) when the days are pleasant (20-25 degree
Centigrade), nights cold and humidity is low. Temperature rises rapidly to
40-48 degree Centigrade in the hot season (March to June) and rainfall
increases with the occasional thunderstorm. Humidity is high in the rainy
season (July to October), with over 750 mm of precipitation in July to
August, and there is little temperature variation. Annual rainfall ranges
from 1200-1500 mm.
Important Dates in the Rajaji's History
With a wide expanse over 820sq km, Rajaji National Park is an amalgamated
form of three wildlife sanctuaries: Rajaji, Motichur and Chilla. All these
sanctuaries with different vegetation zones and wild life were combined
together in 1983 to form a National Park. A combined form of these distinvt
wildlife sanctuaries came to known as Rajaji National Park.
The Ecological System in the Rajaji
The Flora in the Rajaji National Park
Broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine vegetation, grasslands and pine
forests form the range of flora at these parks. The dense jungles here are
home to vivacious wildlife here. The varied topography of the national park
is also responsible for vivid animal life inhibited here. The under-wood is
light and often absent, consisting of Rohini (Liollotus philippinensis),
Amaltas (Cassia Fistula), Sandan (Ougeinia Oojeinensis), Pipal (Bauhienia
Lazan), Mahal (Pyrus Pashla), Chamaror, (Ehretia Laevis), Aonia (Emblica
Officinalis), Kachnar (Bauhienia Variegata), Ber (Ziziphus Mauritiana),
Chilla (Casearia tomentosa), Bel (Aegle Marmelos), etc.
The Fauna in the Rajaji National Park
Endowing a wide variety of fauns in its lap, Rajaji National park has a lot
to offer to wildlife eccentrics. With pristine scenic beauty and rich
bio-diversity, Rajaji is a much reckoned park of India. There are about 23
species of mammals that inhibit this park.
spotted dear, sambhar deer
barking deer, blue bull, hog dear
wild boar, Jungle cat, Rhesus monkey and Lepidoptera are the mammals found
The Avifauna in the Rajaji National Park
There are about 315 species of birds that inhibit this park. India's
National bird, Peacock is found here in abundance. Innumerable variety off
butterflies and small birds add to the beauty of this place. Rusty cheaked
Scimitar, Babbler, Golden-spected Warbler, Chestnut-tailed Starling, Brown
Hawk-Owl, Drongo Cuckoo, Great Hornbill are only a few names of birds that
are found here.
The Rides in the Rajaji National Park
Its important to take permissions from the forest department before
entering the premises of park. The park can be best viewed on an Elephant
safari. Alternatively one can also take Jeep safari to see the park.
Rajaji National Park Travel Circuit
Delhi - Haridwar - Rajaji National Park - Rishikesh
How to Reach Rajaji National Park
Nearest airport is Jolly Grant, Dehradun, 33km.
Nearest railhead is at Haridwar ( 8km.) and
The National Park is 220 kms. from Delhi &
from Lucknow it is at a distance of 510km.